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ABM与GIS的集成及其在分析新能源汽车扩散中的应用
Integration of ABM and GIS and its Application in Analysis of Diffusion of Alternative Energy Vehicles
摘要点击 4623  全文点击 80  投稿时间:2012-03-07  修订日期:2012-06-07
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中文关键词  基于Agent建模; 地理信息系统; 新能源汽车扩散
英文关键词  agent-based modeling, geographic information systems, diffusion of alternative energy vehicles
基金项目  国家杰出青年科学基金
学科分类代码  
作者单位E-mail
马铁驹 华东理工大学 tjma@ecust.edu.cn 
中文摘要
      新能源汽车及其加能站的扩散是多种主体相互作用的复杂过程。现有的分析该过程的基于agent 的模型没有考虑现实的路网结构和驾车者行驶路线的分布,不能为具体某一城市或地区新能源汽车的推广提供决策支持。本文探索了一种集成ABM(基于agent的建模)与GIS(地理信息系统)的技术实现方法,其核心思想是利用Repast仿真框架对图形文件的读写接口,建立其与ArcGIS间的通信,形成一种松耦合的、基于矢量的集成方式。应用该集成方式,本文以上海市为例构建了基于城市路网结构的新能源汽车及其加能站交互扩散的仿真平台。
英文摘要
      Diffusion of AEVs (alternative energy vehicles) and their refueling stations is a complex process involving various actors interacting with each other. Existing agent-based models for analyzing this process did not consider the real road networks and distributions of driving routes. This paper explores a technical solution for the integration of ABM (agent-based modeling) and GIS (geographic information systems). The core idea of the solution is establishing communications with ArcGIS (a popular GIS software platform) by using Repast (a popular ABM simulation software platform)’s interface to shape files and thus a vector-based loose coupling is realized. With this solution, a simulation platform was developed for studying the co-diffusion of alternative energy vehicles and their refueling stations based on real road networks, with Shanghai as an example for simulation.
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