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京津冀节能减排政策措施的差异与协同研究
Difference and collaboration in Jing-Jin-Ji’s energy saving and emission reductionpolicy measurers
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中文关键词  节能减排; 政策措施; 政策文献量化; 协同治理
英文关键词  energy conservation and emission reduction policy; policy measures; policy documents quantification; collaborative governance
基金项目  国家自然科学基金资助项目( 71433005) ; 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金资助项目( 15YJA630097) ; 兰州大学中央高校基 本科研业务费重点资助项目( 17LZUJBWZD011)
学科分类代码  
作者单位E-mail
张国兴 兰州大学管理学院,兰州730000 guoxingzh@lzu.edu.cn 
叶亚琼 兰州大学管理学院,兰州730000  
管 欣 兰州大学管理学院,兰州730000  
尹江河 兰州大学管理学院,兰州730000  
吕绚丽 西安交通大学管理学院,西安710049  
中文摘要
      在对京津冀1981年以来节能减排政策措施进行量化处理的基础上,建立针对节能减排政策措施有效性的计量模型,分析了京津冀节能减排政策措施的演变状况,并探究京津冀节能减排政策措施对其节能减排效果影响的差异性.研究结果表明:京津冀节能减排政策颁布经历了早期各年份相对零散、缺乏连续性到新世纪以来政策颁布数量显著增多、政策总体力度逐渐增大的过程,但三地政策总效力的增加主要是由于节能减排政策颁布数量增多引起的;京津冀三地在政策的制定过程中更多的是趋于实现短期目标,政策整体缺乏系统性和权威性;人事措施、行政措施、引导措施、财税措施、金融措施等不同节能减排政策措施对京津冀节能和减排的有效性具有明显的差异;三地对不同政策措施的使用方式、使用程度方面存在明显的差异,这对京津冀协同推进节能减排的治理工作提出挑战.论文还从京津冀完善单一节能减排政策措施的使用、加强市场手段的应用及京津冀区域协同治理等方面提出了相应政策建议.
英文摘要
      Collecting energy conservation and emission reduction ( ECER) policies in Beijing,Tianjin and Hebei province from 1981 to 2014,this paper establishes an econometric model to analyze the effectiveness of these ECER policies,the evolution of the policies and measures of ECER in Jing-Jin-Ji. In addition,the different effects of various measures of ECER by Jing-Jin-Ji is also explored. The results suggest that the promulgation of ECER policies in Jing-Jin-Ji has experienced a relatively fragmented and continuous process in the early years,a significant increase in the number,and then a gradual increase in the overall strength of policies since the beginning of the new century. However,the increase in the total effectiveness of the policies in Jing- Jin-Ji is mainly due to the increase in the number of ECER policies. In the evolution process of ECER policies, Jing-Jin-Ji tends to achieve short-term goals and the policy-making shows a certain lack of systematicness and authority. The effectiveness of financial,personnel,fiscal and tax,and other economic measures of Jing- Jin-Ji has a significant discrepancy. There are obvious differences among the three regions in the manner and degree of the usage of different policies and measures,which is a huge challenge for Jing-Jin-Ji to coordinate to promote energy conservation and emissions reduction. In the end,this paper puts forward some relevant suggestions on the improvement of the usage of a single ECER policy,the application of market instruments and Jing-Jin-Ji’s regional collaborative governance.
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