Journal of Management Sciences in China
1672-0334
2015
18
10
14
25
article
闭环供应链主导模式与物流模式的组合研究
Ｒesearch on combinations of closed-loop supply chain dominant mode and logistics mode
构建了制造商主导和销售商主导的两类供应链主导模式，物流外包和物流自营的两类物流模式． 研究了制造商主导且物流外包、制造商主导且物流自营、销售商主导且物流外包、销售商主导且物流自营四种组合下的企业决策及供应链稳定性． 研究发现: (1) 制造商和销售商的物流策略与T/`T 的大小有关，无论谁为主导企业，若1 ＜ T /`T ＜ √2 ，则制造商和销售商均选择物流自营，供应链具有稳定性; 若 T /`T> 2，则制造商和销售商均选择物流外包，供应链具有稳定性; 若√2＜ T /`T ＜ 2，则制造商和销售商的物流策略选择不一致，制造商主导(销售商主导)下制造商的最优物流策略是物流外包(物流自营) ，销售商的最优物流策略却是物流自营(物流外包)． (2) 针对四种组合方式，1 ＜ T /`T ＜ √(12 /5) 时，制造商主导且物流自营(销售商主导且物流自营) 优于制造商主导且物流外包(销售商主导且物流外包) ; T /`T＞ √(12/5)时，制造商主导且物流外包(销售商主导且物流外包)优于制造商主导且物流自营(销售商主导且物流自营)．
Two types of supply chain dominant mode—manufacturer dominant and retailer dominant—were constructed，and two types of logistics mode—logistics outsourcing and self-logistics—were given． Enterprise decision making and supply chain stability are studied under four combinations: manufacturer dominant and logistics outsourcing，manufacturer dominant and self-logistics，retailer dominant and logistics outsourcing，and retailer dominant and self-logistics． It is found that: ( 1) The manufacturer’s and the retailer’s logistics strategies are related to the size of T /`T: if 1 ＜ T /`T ＜√2，then the manufacturer’s and retailer’s logistics strategies are both self-logistics，supply chain is stable; if T /`T ＞ 2，then the manufacturer’s and the retailer’s logistics strategy are both logistics outsourcing，and the supply chain is stable; if√2 ＜ T /`T ＜ 2，then the manufacturer's logistics strategy is inconsistent with the retailer’s，with the manufacturer＇s optimal logistics strategy being logistics outsourcing ( self-logistics) ，but the retailer’s being self-logistics ( logistics outsourcing) if the manufacturer ( retailer) is the dominant enterprise． ( 2) For the four combinations，if 1 ＜ T /`T ＜ √(12 /5)，then the manufacturer dominant and self-logistics( retailer dominant and self-logistics) mode is better than the manufacturer dominant and logistics outsourcing ( retailer dominant and logistics outsourcing) mode． If T /`T ＞ √(12 /5)，then the manufacturer dominant and logistics outsourcing ( retailer dominant and logistics outsourcing) mode is better than the manufacturer dominant and self-logistics ( retailer dominant and self-logistics) mode．
闭环供应链; 主导模式; 物流模式; 供应链稳定性
closed-loop supply chain; dominant mode; logistics mode; supply chain stability
公彦德,达庆利
GONG Yan-de and DA Qing-li
jmsc/article/abstract/20151002